Wednesday, January 15, 2020
ow How would you advise your management staff to successfully manage this large scale change of the organization? I would enlighten them that managing organizational change can be for the better or worst sometimes. Many organizations create a partnership to build a centralize complex to recognize the organization differences. When change is implemented a formal strategy need to be put in place, This will allow the organization to identify the impact of forthcoming changes and make organizational or functional changes to ensure service levels are not reduced.Change management entails thoughtful planning and sensitive implementation, and above all, consultation with, and involvement of, the people affected by the changes. If you force change on people normally problems arise. Change must be realistic, achievable and measurable. When first starting to prepare for this change Senior MGMT thought-out; what do we want to achieve with this change, why, and how will we know that the change h as been achieved? Who is affected by this change, and how will they react to it? How much of this change can we achieve ourselves, and what parts of the change do we need help with?These aspects also relate strongly to the management of personal as well as organizational change. I think that itÃ¢â¬â¢s important for my staff to know the benefits of partnering with the other organization, with there funds and our resources we can build a stronger organization, which can aid, finance, and help our growing organization in a given industry that will grow rapidly without having to create another business entity. Senior MGMT of both organizations has discussed best practices and the issues that are the perceived potential benefits behind the merger openly and frankly. EX. ) If organization A's strength is sales and they are absorbing organization B in part because of B's distribution capabilities, make sure A's distribution people know to listen to B's distribution people and B's sales f orce understands the opportunity to learn from AÃ¢â¬â¢s. My plans are to express to them that the changes will be better for the organization and make us more successful. So I will focus on trying to sell the benefits of the changes and then get staff to participate so they feel as if they are a part of the changes.When people contribute to changes that affect them they are more adapted to accept them. I would express that we have the full support of senior management so things will move rapidly. I plan to emphasize a team-oriented approach in providing the right mix of strategic guidance, hands-on leadership and deep industry domain expertise in helping the individuals and their teams to become market-leading organizations. 1. What are the organizational crisis issues that need to be addressed? One of the problems mention is that the staff in the different areas is using stove piped systems.That makes it harder for an organization to be efficient which is why the new partner is s uggesting creating the new system. To eliminate the concerns of staff that the new partner doesn't understand their business, they should be made part of the team that works on the requirements for the new system. That way they can make sure it will support the way we do business and meet their needs at the same time. Each function is important to the success of a merger. Consider the way a merger will affect the other organization and then use those lessons to minimize the same effects of our organization.Another problem is that employees are worried about whether there jobs are changing and weather they will have the skills need to work on the new system. If employees are fully involved with the new implementation then have the skills to work with the new systems will be a given, when the organizations partner training and workshops we be apart of the reconciling. Recognize the pros and cons of the organizations becoming partner: Pros: ? More resource for future growth ? Take adva ntage of economic of scale Cons: ? Might loss competitive advantages Might bear the risk of not successfully integrate A rational decision making model provides a structured and sequenced approach to decision making. Using such an approach can help to ensure discipline and consistency is built into your decision making process. The fact that the Bill Gates foundation wants to change the culture of the organization because of the $20 Million dollar donation can cause a lot of conflict and have the employees who have created and build the old organization think that what was built is not effective enough to keep the organizationB functioning.If senior management takes to long to make timely decisions then the organization canÃ¢â¬â¢t really move forward and manufacture like a top organization. When the problems are identified use the employees to create a new way of functioning, identify the most probable causes for the current system and improbable causes and use those results to wo rk with the other organization to build your new effective system. Some potential problems that organization should be aware of when they must make decisions during a crisis is Cultural disconnect, Culture change management is not indulgent; it is a critical aspect of any transaction.However, simply acknowledging the issue or handing it off to specialists is not enough. Management must set a vision, align leadership around it, and hold substantive events to give employees a chance to participate. Detailed actions and well articulated expectations of behavior connect the culture plan to the organizations goals. Also, keeping information too close is a natural hesitancy that the organization should avoid; I know that current regulations put pressure on what management can tell the organization without going to public disclosure.However, absent real facts, the rumor mill will fill the void. Tell employees what you can. Also, tell them what you can't tell them at the moment, why, and wh en you will be able to do so. What are some steps that the organization can take to avoid those problems or to minimize their negative impact? ? Choose the right conversion team; the organization will need employees who demonstrate excellent people skills and the ability to Ã¢â¬Å"finesseÃ¢â¬ any situation to the benefit of the organization.Make sure the transition team is appropriate for the area or department they talk to and can easily relate to people in various departments. ? Be in constant, honest communication with employees; All employees want accurate information from management, and they want to know the truth, even if itÃ¢â¬â¢s difficult. No matter what the news is, good or bad, your employees want to hear it, so always be totally open and honest about what is to come.If your employees feel out of the loop, theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll assume the worst, and you can expect a negative effect on efficiency. Both partnering entities need to be consistently communicators with employees and ensure that whatever theyÃ¢â¬â¢re communicating is 100% accurate. ? Give assurance about change; Help your employees to deal with change, even if that change seems minor to you it might be big to them . People fear change so Executives need to do everything they can to help minimize the anxiety that people naturally have.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Detrimental effects of movies on child psychology After the advent of first motion picture cameras in 1890s, movies have become one of our best ways to alleviate stress and manifest feelings and concepts. Movies are the mirror of a society that reflects social practices, incidents and imperfections. Movies are one of the effective means to sow the seeds of aspirations, ideas for making the utopian fantasy to reality. However, in recent years, in order to allure more viewers, movies have followed a disturbing inclination towards violent and sexually explicit storylines. The issue of movies instigating violence in the society is a difficult social conundrum. Number crunching shows that there is an increase of crimes based on violent plots. However, the most unsettling impact of violent plots is on the minds of children and adolescents. Children are vulnerable to accepting the fabrication of the movies as a reality. Many psychological researches have shown that, the exposure of the viol ent scenes has increased the physical and verbal aggression amongst children. Eliminating all violence from media fades away the reality. As parental control of these matters is impracticable, policy makers and broadcasters should censor upon the violent scenes based on the level and usage of violence. Many researches have shown that aggression can be a result of physiological arousal. The excitation transfer theory (Zillmann, 1983) states Ã¢â¬ËArousal elicited by external sources (e.g.,Show MoreRelatedChildren Who View Media Violence1133 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1) In 1999 a study was done stating that fifty-two percent of children who watched horror movies/TV shows, would wake up in the middle of the night with night terrors. Another study was conducted in 2003, this time it was based off of psychology. AllPhsych Online, is an online classroom mostly focused on psychology, states that Ã¢â¬Å"children who view media violence are more likely to have increased feelings of hostility, d ecreased emotional response to the portrayal of violence and injury that lead toRead MoreFairy Tales Are Imaginary And Magical Short Stories1535 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages and sometimes they can even dress like one. Or the kids will think about their favorite movies that they watch with their parents such as The Little Mermaid, Cinderella, Snow White, etc. and dream that someday they will have the everlasting love life and happily ever after like those lucky princesses. But little did they know, the fantasy that they dream of brings more harm than good. Disney princess movies and fairytales are not always original and all sanitized to make them appropriate for childrenRead MoreThe Effects Of Violent Media On Children901 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnegative or positive effect on kids. On the one hand, some people argue that they enjoy expressing built up anger and emotions through reading comic books. On the other hand, violent media can effect young children and have them think itÃ¢â¬â¢s ok ay to be violent in real life. My own view is violent media does cause kids to have a mindset that killing or violent actions are okay to do. Violent media is everywhere in this generation of technology. The violent med wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t effect children if some regulationsRead MoreBy The Time Someone Is 18, They Have Already Seen About1157 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe violence in movies and television affect societyÃ¢â¬â¢s childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s way of growing up because they are exposed to aggressive actions since they are young. Every child enjoys watching a movie or television every once in a while. However, a lot of the 21st century movies or shows contain some sort of violence. According to Wilson and Hudson, Ã¢â¬Å"94% of the most popular movies since 1985 contain at least one violent scene, and half of those involve a gunÃ¢â¬ . In addition, violence in movies has increased overRead MoreMedia Violence and Children Essay1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespartner in a childs life; it is the media personalities that children utilize to model acceptable or in some cases unacceptable behavior (Anderson, Dill, 2002). Movies, music and video games demonstrate that it is acceptable to murder or harm others (Steyer, 2002). The mass media also fails to follow through with the fact that a small child can not comprehend the ramifications of being injured during a violent act; it actually hurts and you may not survive (Steyer, 2002). Small children in fact, haveRead MoreThe History of Psychology and its Relations to Video Games Essay1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Psychology is a very interesting field of science and study. It can tell interesting facts about someone and their personality. It can study a personÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior and the causes of the issues in their daily tasks. There have been fun tests that involve psychology. There is a lot of confusion about of psychology in media. They are normally depicted as criminal investigators and high action paced cops. While psychology is used in police activity it is not as hyped as it is in the movies or televisionRead MoreThe Influence of Advertising1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesan advertisement of one sort or another. The influence of advertising is increasingly far reaching. Today, ads are much more pervasive and less recognizable as a sales pitch. For instance, while eating at a favorite childÃ¢â¬â¢s fast food restaurant, a child may receive a toy. That toy may also be tied to a movie, a cartoon, a video game, or to a website that offers additional games, toys, or related products. Books, c lothing, cars, and more are all tied to the same theme. There are a limitless numberRead MoreMedia Violence and Aggressive Behavior1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Media Violence and Aggressive Behavior Monica Suzanne B. Castro #21856730 Submitted for SSC130BB: Essentials of Psychology January 25, 2014 Research project #05020500 Media Violence and Aggressive Behavior Introduction In the early 1960s Albert Bandura conducted his famous Ã¢â¬Å"Bobo DollÃ¢â¬ experiments, in which children were shown videos of someone attacking a plastic clown known as a Bobo doll (Isom, 1998). Many of the children exposed to theseRead MoreDisney s Influence On Young Girls Gender Role And Self Esteem1730 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesM. Sauceda Texas A M University Ã¢â¬â San Antonio Abstract The purpose of this paper is to examine if a relationship between gender role and self-esteem exist in girls who view Disney Princess movies. Twenty-one elementary fifth grade girlÃ¢â¬â¢s ages ten and eleven were questioned on how Disney princess movies influence their perception of gender role and self-esteem. The results suggest there is a relationship between the two variables, however it is a weak correlation. It also revealed gender stereotypicalRead MoreViolence in Television, Movies, and Video Games Should Not Be Censored1653 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesVIOLENCE IN TELEVISION, MOVIES, AND VIDEO GAMES SHOULD NOT BE CENSORED Television, movies, and video games have a great influence on the minds of todays youth. But, what exactly are the effects of such an influence? Certain people have exaggerated the effects that these media have on todays youth. Many people, including government officials, have singled out these three media sources as the cause of some types of violence simply because it is an easy target for laying the blame. The truth is
Monday, December 30, 2019
Throughout history, there have been accounts of people being persecuted for many reasons; race, religion, political affiliations, and sexual orientation. In the United States, and many other nations across the globe, there have been hundreds of thousands of people victimized for being homosexual. Due to differing standpoints, homosexuality is seen as Ã¢â¬Å"immoralÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"sinfulÃ¢â¬ or even Ã¢â¬Å"disgustingÃ¢â¬ . Up until 1973, homosexuality was also referred to as a mental disorder by the American Psychiatric Association. People could be openly criticized, mocked, and often killed for simply being gay. Because of these social and religious criticisms, many people have been forced to partake in Ã¢â¬Å"conversionÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"reparativeÃ¢â¬ therapies in order to becomeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This proves that there is a higher risk of destructive behavior and victimization among the LGBT community. But why are these destructive behaviors present? Dr. Micha el Benibgui, PhD, notes in his dissertation that, Ã¢â¬Å"if early experiences regarding the LGB community are negative, they may arouse internalized homophobia and self-devaluationÃ¢â¬ (18). As an effect of these attitudes toward the LGBT community, these Ã¢â¬Å"self-devaluatingÃ¢â¬ feelings are exposed. Because these feelings of self-hatred and the attitudes from others toward the LGBT community are so strong, many people are put into Ã¢â¬Å"reparativeÃ¢â¬ therapies in order to Ã¢â¬Å"cureÃ¢â¬ them from their condition of homosexuality. The majority of therapies that people go through are extremely unpleasant and the American Psychological Association states, Ã¢â¬Å"there have been no scientifically adequate research to show that therapy aimed at changing sexual orientation is safe or effective.Ã¢â¬ (Sutton 11). However, many institutions still partake in these controversial therapies. The means by which certain people are treated is inhumane, and can worsen the ideo logy of inferiority and self-devaluation. While some therapies seem pleasant, such as prayer and meditation, some of the most controversial means of therapy include Prostitution, Hypnosis, Exorcism, Fetal Intervention, Electroconvulsive Therapy, and Genital Mutilation. None of the aforementioned therapy methods are without harm. TheseShow MoreRelatedIs Homosexuality A Mental Disorder?1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHomosexuality has been one of the most controversial subjects around the world for thousands of years. Being a homosexual has been seen as taboo, morally wrong, and just abnormal. Scientists have questioned the mental health status of those who proclaim themselves as being homosexual, and have even gone as far to say that homosexuality is a mental disorder. Until 1974, being homosexual was deemed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) as a mental illness, and classifiedRead Morehomosexuality: a mental disorder?4366 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ HOMOSEXUALITY: A MENTAL DISORDER? A Term Paper Presented to Trexie O. Alawi College of Arts and Sciences SURIGAO DEL SUR STATE UNIVERSITY Tandag City, Surigao del Sur In Partial Fulfilment Of the Requirements of the Course English 102 (Writing in the Discipline): TTH 7:30 Ã¢â¬â 9:00 a.m. 2nd Semester, AY 2013-2014 By Bruce Franklyn G. Aliguay February 2014 Homosexuality: a mental disorder? Thesis Statement: People shouldRead MoreHomosexuality As A Mental Disorder Essay1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPrior to the twenty-first century, homosexuality was viewed as a mental disorder that required treatment. Both counseling and aversion therapy were exercised in attempts to Ã¢â¬Å"cureÃ¢â¬ individuals of their sexuality. The brutal process consisted of shock therapies, lobotomies, castrations, and drugs (Scot, 2013). A device that was commonly used was the Farrall Instrument, which functioned by showing an individual of the same sex and delivering a shock until a button was pressed to deliver another slideRead MoreWhy There Is Conflict Over The Dsm 51432 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and provides a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders. (DSM) The DSM has attracted controversy and criticism as well as praise since it has been used. It was first published in 1952 there have been five revisi ons, gradually including more mental health disorders some has been removed and are no longer considered to be mental health disorders, and the most notably being homosexuality. (DSM-11) There are manyRead MoreHomosexuality Is Not a Psychological Disorder Essay1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHomosexuality is not a psychological disorderÃ¢â¬ ¦ In the past, homosexuality was considered to be a psychological disorder, up until the APA removed it from its list of mental illnesses. This was due to the fact that homosexuality causes no form of impairment on the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s judgment, stability, reliability, or general social and or vocational abilities. This decision made over 30 years ago, has caused a lot of criticism, many believe that the APAÃ¢â¬â¢s decision was made due to the amount of influenceRead MoreThe Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders1589 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis paper goes over several topics all of which are related to the mind and what is or is not perceived as a mental disorder. There are many different types of approaches to personality. Understanding each approach and how it compares to the others will help understand how one develops their personality. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is in its fifth edition. Had the original manual never been updated, there would be many individuals who are misdiagnosed. AsRead MoreHomosexuality As A Psychological Disorder1511 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe social argument for homosexuality dates back to the ancient Greeks. Aristophanes, in his Symposium investigates homosexuality, although not termed as such, as a desire by men to share a long-term fulfillment of the soul. He believed that two souls are longing to be together, and the sexual desire alone is not strong enough to create homosexuality, but that the cultural environment allows or forbids the relationship to occur (Heffner, 2003). The debate about homosexuality dates back further thanRead MoreMental Health And The Lgbt Community1665 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstudies on mental health in the LGBT community. With more people being open about their sexual orientation, the LGBT community has become a bigger target for those individuals who create difference between groups to justify discrimination of a particular group. The discriminatio n towards the LGBT community has caused problems for individuals in the community, mental health being among the biggest problem. Studies have shown that the discrimination of LGBT individuals can affect mental health. NotRead MoreThe Diagnostic Statistical Manual For Mental Health823 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe mental health field. The DSM was created to assist clinicians in diagnosing and recognizing mental illness in their clients. It has been used for over six decades and there are a total of five editions. Each edition has some updated and new information that wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t included in the last edition. The reason for the changes in the DSM is because the mental health field is always evolving. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s new information thatÃ¢â¬â¢s discovered from research and is implemented into the next DSM. All mental healthRead MoreThe Psychology Of Sexual Orientations934 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnd with these terms came huge stigma that still exists today. There are many different sexual orientations that people identify as (including heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality, as well as many others); the orien tations that do not coincide with what people viewed as normal were originally given classification as mental disorders. The most common sexual orientation, regardless of culture, is heterosexuality. This is defined as a sexual orientation in which an individual is generally sexually
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Methods Population and setting The University College Cork (UCC) Social Research Ethics Committee (SREC) approved the study early in 2017. Participants included those from a selected third-level education setting. All participants invited to partake in the research were informed of their right to withdraw from the proceedings at any stage. Each individual, all of whom were pre-service student teacher educators were supplied with an information sheet, and a written consent was provided prior to the completion of the questionnaire. A clustered, convenience sample (based on the proximity and accessibility to the research team) of pre-service student teacher educators were invited to participate. Of the 160 students invited an 82% responseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Additionally, the BRS has been used in the context of a university in previous studies, and proven to be a valid and reliable instrument when examining resilience levels among college students (Amat, Subhan, Jaafar, Mahmud, Johari, 2014; (Lai Yue, 2014). These tests were completed independantly by each of the participants. Measurement scales used in this study (1) The WHO-Five Wellbeing Index (WHO- 5) (WHO, 1998) was developed at the Psychiatric Research Unit, Mental Health Centre North Zealand, and Hillerod, Denmark. This measurement scale has been validated as both a screening tool for clinicians, and as a method to assess wellbeing in research studies over time (Topp, ÃËstergaard, SÃ ¸ndergaard, Bech, 2015). It is a reliable instrument, demonstrative of good test-retest reliability, and can assess all age group cohort. It is culturally translatable, and can be used across diverse fields of practice and research (De Wit et al., 2007; Wu, 2014; Saipanish, Lotrakul, Sumrithe, 2009). This positively worded questionnaire comprises of a five item rating on a 6-point Likert scale from 0 (= not present) to 5 (= constantly present). The raw score is calculated by totalling the figures of the five answers, and a percentage ranging from 0 to 100 is obtained by multiplying the raw score by 4. The lower the total score is, the more likely the person is to be experiencing poor healthShow MoreRelatedThe Prevalence Of Mental Illness1182 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstealth bomber in warfare. This phrase could also be applied to mental illness, as many illnesses such as anorexia have frighteningly high mortality rates but often go undetected or undiagnosed for extended periods of time. In addition to their danger, mental illnesses are widespread, with 21.4% of youth experiencing a severe mental disorder at some point during their life (National Alliance of Mental Illness, 2016). The prevalence of mental illness has raised questions of how better to provide healthcareRead MoreSuicide Risk Assessment1204 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Using the search strategy, numerous articles were identified as relevant to the search topics. Major search topics for this study included suicide assessment and nursing students, nurses and suicide education, and nursing students and mental health simulation. The databases frequently accessed included PubMed, Proquest, EBSCOhost Medline, and Elsevier Science Direct. Search filters included the years 2000-2017. After scanning the abstracts for further applicability, seventeen studiesRead MoreLiterature Review On Suicide1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPubMedÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦., from the years 2000 to 2017. Overall, most the articles obtained are level III evidence and are related to suicide, nursing education and simulation. Suicide Risk and Healthcare Healthcare providers are first line in the prevention of suicide. The Joint Commission has identified suicide a National Patient Safety Goal for 2017, reporting on the importance of identifying patients who are at risk for suicide (Joint Commission, 2017). Of individuals who completed suicide, forty-five percentRead MoreDoes Physical Activity Affect Scholastic Performance? Essay1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslifestyle, many schools tend to disregard the importance of physical education. Physical activity is beneficial in many different aspects of health, like mental health. Physical activity is important for more than a personÃ¢â¬â¢s physical health, it also influences their different behaviors. Young kids need physical activity ingrained into their everyday lifestyle in order to normally function because it is so essential to other aspects of a human being. Other than health, physical activity improves kidsÃ¢â¬â¢ academicsRead MoreCanada Welcomes An Ethno Cultural Diversity And Fo llows The International Mandate1260 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn 2012, Canada received approximately 23,000 refugees and their families (Statistics Canada, 2012). Canada welcomes an ethno cultural diversity and follows the international mandate to ensure safety, stability and accessibility to health services for refugees. The refugees come from different countries, which are socioeconomically unstable, and they are in search of stability and a better destiny. Canada is recognized as one of the most developed countries in the world, it is undeniable that theRead MoreThe Differences Between Mental Health And Mental Illness Essay1319 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThis research paper contains information on the importance of education and understanding of the differences between mental health and mental illness. Education is essential to our country, workplace and schools; we can learn from one another, but first we must have an understanding about ourselves as individuals. Social Workers bring uni que knowledge and skills to the table and are instrumental in furthering the profession. Education to outside cultures and social groups can help social workersRead MoreThe Importance Of Communication In Foreign Language Students1686 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslanguage strategies and culture strategies did the participants report using to cope with studying abroad, (Ma, 2014, pg. 110). Throughout the research, Ma and her colleagues gathered college undergrad students and who majored in English language education. The participants were 10 students in their third year of college from Hong Kong who are never been exposed to the English culture before the English as a second language program. The focus was aimed to measure language and cultural strategy usesRead MorePhysical Education : The Forgotten Nation Essay809 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPhysical Education: The Forgotten Nation Across the nation, fundamental subjects such as mathematics, science, and history are mandatory in the education system starting from the elementary level. These subjects are taught in aiding studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ understanding about the world they live in. However, subjects particularly physical education is viewed as unnecessary. Physical education is unquestionably required as it creates well prepared students ready to face the future. In order to achieve this, administratorsRead MorePhysical Activities And Physical Education826 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshistory are mandatory in the education system starting from the elementary level. These subjects are taught in aiding students understanding about the world they live in. However, subjects instructed in schools, particularly physical education is viewed as unnecessary. Physical education is unquestionably required in order to create well prepared students ready to face the working field in the future. In order to achieve this, administrat ors must stress the importance of physical activity within theRead MorePrinciples of Mental Health1258 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRunning Head: FOR A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING Principles of Mental Health The World Health Organization (2012) defines mental health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease. WHO establishes the connection of mental health to the promotion of mental well-being, the prevention of mental disorders and the treatment of mental disorders and the rehabilitation of those afflicted with these disorders (WHO). The Council for Accreditation of Counseling
Friday, December 13, 2019
Introduction Ã¢â¬Å"A Fish only discovers its need for water when it is no longer in it. Our own culture is like water to a fish. It sustains us. We will write a custom essay sample on Cross culture awareness for managers or any similar topic only for you Order Now We live and breathe through it. What one may regard as essential, a certain level of material wealth for example, may not be so vital to other cultures.Ã¢â¬ (Trompenaars et al, 1999, p.20) To put it in simple term, culture is inclusive of the information, principles and awareness of the society. Demonstrate the different method of people who lives in various environments. With a wide range of approach in which cultural ideas are carried out. According to Ziauddin Sardar their features are as follows: Their aim is to carry out subjective study of cultural practices and how they are associated to control. It includes culture as both the object of study and the locations of political criticism and action. They are devoted to an ethical valuation of society and to political action (Olivier Serrat, 2008). Ã¢â¬Å"A value is a conception, explicit or implicit, distinctive of an individual or characteristic of a group, of the desirable which influences the selection from available modes, means and ends of actions.Ã¢â¬ Values are feelings with arrows to them,i.e. it has a plus and minus pole. Hofstede, G (2003) A culture is adjusted in the direction of history and the future is the repetition of the history. Culture primarily directed to the present does not involve past or future. individuals are directly relate it with demands of everyday life. (Provenmodel, 2005) Past events of culture does not affect the future prospects of culture. Efficientway of interacting with the people in other countries, we should look into its deep roots on different cultures as per Geert Hofstede. Well understanding and its implication, the data will reduce concern and frustration. Apart from the Geert Hofstede will give you Ã¢â¬Ëedge of understandingÃ¢â¬â¢ which convert to more flourishing results. Below mentioned are the five dimensions: (Luciara N and Richard S, 2009) Power distance: It is true to say that the less developed and low powerful associates believe that power is dispersed unequally. (Provenmodel, 2005) Individualism: The true face of nature is that the people in the society are selfish, i.e. they are concerned for themselves and the family members only. (Provenmodel, 2005) Masculinity: The leading communal values are success, money, and things. (Provenmodel, 2005) Uncertainty avoidance: Nature is place where uncertainty happens, so the individuals living in that society are feared by the unhappening scenarios and feels that it is wise to avoid such scenarios. (Provenmodel, 2005) Long Term Orientation: It represents the values like economy, determination, and conventional value of social obligations. (Provenmodel, 2005) Trompenaar and Hampden Ã¢â¬âTurner gathered data over 10 years using a process that relied on generous respondents , predicament or distinct tendencies. Here the problem consisted of two options which are mentioned as follow:- (Anonymous , N.D. ) Universalism vs. Particularism: Universalism is the ideas/practices which can be applied everywhere, high universalism countries and these are close adhere to business contracts while particularism are those circumstances which dictate how ideas/practices apply; high particularism countries often modify contracts. (Provenmodel, 2005) Individualism vs. Communitarianism: In Individualism, people as individuals and countries with high individualism are included, and are stress personal and individual matters which assumes great personal responsibility. On the other hand, in communitarianism public look upon selves as part of group and value group-related issues and take committee decisions for which they are joint responsibility. (Provenmodel, 2005) Neutral vs. Emotional: Neutral: culture in which emotions not shown. In high neutral countries, people maintain serenity. While in emotional, emotions are shown in open and they act as they are, i.e. they donÃ¢â¬â¢t behave in different way, they behave naturally. (Provenmodel, 2005) Specific vs. Diffuse: In Specific, huge public areas are used by many while small areas are looked after closely. In Diffuse, public and private areas are similar in size wherein public areas are guarded as it is common with the private areas. (Provenmodel, 2005) Achievement vs. Ascription: In Achievement culture, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter who does it, what matters is how is it done (job, performance, etc.) while Ascription culture is truly based on who does it and what is done. (Provenmodel, 2005) Time:- In simple way, it means the whether the role is done one by one or all the things are done together. Sequential means that the activity is conducted in a series or pattern wherein the line of performance is pre decided. Synchronous means all things are done together, i.e. multi tasking. The last method is present v/s future. (Provenmodel, 2005) The Environment: Inner-directed people believes in control of outcomes while Outer-directed people are opposite to them.(Provenmodel, 2005) Let us see the comparison between Hofstede and Trompenaars which are out of seven dimensions of Trompenaars, two are closely reflected in HofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s dimensions. Also there is a practical similarity between their communitarians value orientation. Trompenaars and hofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s studies are not entirely similar, HofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s power index is related to how the status is accorded and to the power distance that is acceptable with the society, while Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner has not discussed anything about power distance. Trompenaars achievement value orientation is related to HofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s power distance index. Which shows that status is accorded not by achievement but by the nature, this gives greater acceptability to power distances. Trompenaars other dimensions seem to focus on the feelings, and the extent to which they are expressed. Thus it only focuses on the behavioural aspect, not on the value. TrompenaarÃ¢â¬â¢s universalism value orientation holds relationships above the rules, which appears to relate to hofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s uncertainty avoidance dimension and also to collectivist dimension to some extent. Trompenaars specific value orientation is not identical to any of the HofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s dimensions. However, human time relationship and HallÃ¢â¬â¢s polychromatic and monochromic time perceptions are quite similar to each other. There is also a similarity in their findings. For eg. according to them, india and japan are weak as far as individualism is concerned, on thte other hand UK, Denmark and USA are comparatively individualistic. According to HoggetÃ¢â¬â¢s and Luthans, the difference between the two studies is due to the difference in time frames in which they were conducted. Thus, HofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s findings are becoming outdated. For eg. mexicoÃ¢â¬â¢s step towards being global, can be taken as a moving away from its communitarian values. According to Trompenaars findings, communist countries that is Hungary, Russia and CrechRepublic are quite individualistic, with a communist past. According to Trompenaars, UK and the North America have egalitarian cultures, while, Spain and France are Hierarchical. As per HofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s research spain and france are high when it comes to power distance as compared to UK and the North Ammerica. Trompnaars and Hofsdete hold different views about Germany. According to the former, GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s corporate culture is hierarchical, while the latter considers Germany as low in terms of power distance. Trompenaars research is extensive, he has examined corporate cultures in terms of nationality, for which he introduced another dimension named equality versus hierarchy. Now contrasting the two approaches of the Geert Hofstede , dutch expert and Fons trompenaars Charles Hampden-Turner. The findings and studies of Geert hofstede and Fons Trompenaars have been adopted by many businesses, for the purpose of understanding the differences in individual and organizational cultures across the globe. Other anthropologists, sociologist have grave misgivings and are important for analysis used by Hofstede. HofstedeÃ¢â¬â¢s 5 dimensions have a strange similarity to national character studies that were conducted in 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s and WW II on which intensive research was carried out by researchers, the research was spoilt and was not of any use because it was prone to bias and simply created sterotypes of other cultures. Hofstede and trompenaars work should not be associated with WW ii studies, except the fact that lessons learnt from the past should be remembered. In the current state of affairs, anthropologists might be uncomfortable in popping down the trap of understanding the culture to Ã¢â¬Å"5 dimensions of cultureÃ¢â¬ which can be notched up. (Hassoun R, 2006) Similarly, Trompenaars and Turner have framed a seven dimensions model, which can be taken as varying from the idea of reducing cultural dimensions. Culture, as defined by most anthropologists is that which is adapted and passed to next generations and the structure through which the world is viewed cannot be condensed into a set of simplistic parameters. (Hassoun R, 2006) The Anthropological have looked into the model given by Hofstede and Trompenaars and Turner. But the point to be noted here is that in the anthropological technique concentrated on an overall knowledge of cultures and the sub-cultures. The problem could occur in anthropological approach which will be like raising cultural proficiency in a small guidance wherein the psychological pattern for understanding cultural complexity matters a lot and have significant affect on it. When the guidance which is provided gets completed, it takes bit more time to know the real competency which itself is also a as a procedure. It is very realistic to know that there is desperate need to be patient with good listening skills and open mindedness to grasp the knowledge of different culture which will then guide to know cultural competency. (Hassoun R, 2006) The personal features on the behaviour was not identified by both, Hofstede and Trompenaars. The dimensions of their theories has bifurcation on cultures but what they failed to know and provide guidance was that how to work with some specific cultures. Apart from this, no declaration could be placed ahead that the seven dimensions were the only one and the list was full. Authors such as including Ohmae (Borderless World) and Levitt (Globalisation of Markets) didnÃ¢â¬â¢t went ahead with the thing that there is need for different companies to admit there is no similarity in cultures of countries in which they operate (which was said by Trompenaars and Hofstede), rather they said that the world is one and is not filled with different cultures and different countries. (ProvenModel 2005) It is imperative for every manager that he has an understanding of the different cultures. Managers who are more successful their values seem to favour dynamic, pragmatic and achievement Ã¢â¬â oriented, along with this they believe in interacting with others. On the other hand, managers who are less successful have passive and static values; and are relatively inactive in interacting with others. Cultural competency is focuses on promoting self Ã¢â¬â confidence of individuals and the teams, this can be achieved through empowerment and by breaking down barriers. A person with interculturally effective skills has attributes which are discussed below:He has the skill of communicating with people of different cultures in a manner that earns them trust and respect.He has the ability to adapt his managerial and technical skills in a way that fits in well with the local constraints and the local conditions.He has the ability to change personally so that he has mental peace, is content and at ease in the mass culture References: Olivier serrat (2008) Cultural theory [Internet] Available from : [Accessed on 19th March 2011]. Hofstede, G. (1994) Uncommon Sense About Organisation 1st Edition USA. Hofstede, G. (1980) Culture[internet] Available from: http://wallaby.vu.edu.au/adt-VVUT/uploads/approved/adt-VVUT20080910.150544/public/04chapter3.pdf [Accessed on 19th March 2011]. Proven Model (2005). Seven dimensions of culture [Internet] Available from: [ Accessed on 19th March 2011] Ananymous , n.d. Home and Host Country determinants of International Bank Entry [internet] Available from: http://www.scribd.com/doc/43918450/Factors-Affecting-International-Bank-Entry[Accessed on 20th March 2011]. 6. Luciara N and Richard S, (2009).The cultural theory jungle:divergence and convergence in models of national culture. 1st editionCambridge ,Uk. Hassoun R, (2006) Intercultural/Cross-Cultural Training: Rejecting Hofstede and Trompenaars [internet] available from: http://www.goldfinchtraining.biz/hofstederejected.htmls [accessed on 19th march 2011]. Titre F (2005) Cultural dimensions and social behavior correlates:Individualism-Collectivism and Power Distance. Journal of cultural Dimensions 18(1) . Trompenaars et al (1999) (p.20)10. Hofstede, G (2003) Available from: CultureÃ¢â¬â¢s consequences: comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. SAGE. (pp. 5,6) How to cite Cross culture awareness for managers, Essay examples
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Explores Essay jeofrey mondal 6-3-02do you know who Christopher Columbus and frediand Magellan are? Well they are every important people in history. Magellan found a way to travel around the world from the southern tip of south america. Columbus was the founder of North America, he found the land by mistake. Both these men were sailores that just wanted to do there job and gain fame. So as you can see these men are very important to history. Magellan was born on 1480 and he died on the year of 1521,he was born in Portuguese.he grew up to be spanish explorer and navigator, leader of the first expedition to sail completely around, the world. he wanted to reach the east indies by sailing west from the Europe. At the time that he lived everybody thought that the journey was impossible, so as a result he didnt get any support. he barely convinced the Spanish king to support him but at last he did. The king have him a 5 ships and 250 men to acompany him. on his journey he lost one of his ship and a lot o f his men, but he successfuly made his voyage and arrived at the spice island on the date of 9-9-1522. Columbus was born in 1451 and he died in 1506, he was born in Genao, Italy. His father was a weaver, and it is believed that Christopher started trading as a young boy. columbus set sail with 3 ships and a 90 men, he arrived at the Bahamas on october 12, 1942. He clamied the island property of Spain and named it San Salvador. for his first trip he stayed for a two months and returned home. Altogether he made 4 trips to the New found land. So as you can see both of these men are great people the has done a lot for there people. they each discovered a new place or route.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
I. Introduction a. When Elizabeth was born b. Her childhood II. King Henry VIII. a. his 1st marriage 1. his 1st daughter Mary 2. his devorce with het mother b. changing of religion 1. marriage to Anne Boleyn 2. Elizabeth's birth 3. Anne Boleyn's death c. his hier to the throne 1. Jane Seymour 2. Edward VI 3. His death III. Elizabeth becomes queen a. Edward VI becomes king b. Mary becomes queen 1. she's catholic 2. leave throne to Elizabeth c. Elizabeth comes to power 1. change in religion 2. the terrible shape England was in 3. her love affair with Robert Dudley d. all Elizabeth's men 1. lots of emn wanted to marry 2. Robert's marriage 3. Elizabeth's marriage IV. Closing a. Elizabeth's great reign b. Who took the trone after her Elizabeth was born in Greenwich Palace on September 17, 1533. Her father, King Henry VIII, was disappointed because she was a girl. After her mother's death she was sent away. There she had everything. King Henry provided for her every need and made sure she was taken care of. She stayed there until her time came to become Queen. In 1501, Catherine of Aragonmarried Arther, Prince of Wales, Henry's older brother. When his brother got sick, his father asked Henry to married Catherine. They got married in 1509. Catherine gave birth to Prince Henry of Wales, who only live seven weeks (Williams, pg.15). Henry had an illegitimate son named Henry Fitzroy, by an Elizabeth Blount. He died in 1536. Henry and Catherine went on to have their 2nd child together, this time a heathy baby girl, Princess Mary Tudor. Henry broke from the Catholic Church and had his marriage to Catherine annulled. He then married Anne Boleyn, a Protesant woman. She too faile dot provide Henry with a son. In 1533 she gave birth to Elizabeth. They didn't have a very long marriage. Henry had her behaeded because he thought she had committed adultry. After Anne, Henry married Jane Seymour. She had Edward VI, who only lived to be 15 years old. This was Henry's first legitimate son. After Henry's death in 1547, Edward went on to become king. He was Protestant, but his reign was cute short by a disease that took his life in 1553. His half sister moved in as Queen Mary. She was Catholic and very coldblooded. The people of England named her "Bloody Mary", because of her persecution of protesants. She too had a very short reign, from 1553-1558. On November 17, 1558 large crowds of people wiated outside the Palace of Westminster to hear that there Queen had died. That day they also hear that they had a new Queen, Elizabeth. Many people were disappointed. Some didn't like Elizabeth because she was protestant and she wasn't married, others thought she would bring back some of the things England had lost. Elizabeth had to fight a battle to get the English council to lighten up on the religion. All of her intire Englsih Council or church was catholic. She changed that though. Elizabeth hired people like Sir Francis Walsingham and Sir William Cecil to advise her with what ever she did. They stayed by her side for the next 40 years. When Mary died, she left Elizabeth with a huge dept. England was falling and everyone wanted something from her. Many King's and Princes' wanted to marry her, but she wanted nothing to do with them. She was already inlove with a man. His name was Robert Dudley, she made his earl of Leicester in 1564. He was there since before she became Queen. She had him in her bed a few times and the town started to get suspicious. She very well wanted to marry him, she soon found out he was married. Some time later his wife died a really weird death. People thought that maybe he did it. Even thought it was never proven, the two were never married. Elizabeth didn't have it in her to rule like her sister. She wasn't hard and she didn't really know anything about being a Queen, so when it came time to go to war she had no idea what she was doing. She lost her first fight against Spain. Her weekness made her worry more. There were still ma ny people who were catholic. Many of them tried to make a plot to put her